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Forebay — A small basin within a best management practice that removes sediment by settling prior to other treatment processes, thus protecting those processes from excess sediment and potential clogging. Erosion — A natural process by either physical processes, such as water or wind, or chemical means that moves soil or rock deposits from one source and. Hydric soils — Soils that form under saturated conditions.

When saturated conditions exist, anaerobic chemical processes dominate, and unique chemical properties develop. A common characteristic of hydric soils is the presence of a rotten-egg odor, indicating the presence of hydrogen sulfide H2S gas. G Grass channels — A stormwater treatment practice using open channels with grass sides that can carry runoff with modest velocities while treating stormwater for quality and reducing runoff quantities. Hydrocarbons — Molecules containing the elements carbon and hydrogen; classified as pollutants due to their contribution to ground level ozone and smog.

Hydrologic soil group HSG — Classes of soils named either A, B, C, or D that indicate the minimum rate of infiltration observed after prolonged wetting time. Hydroplaning — Occurs when a wheeled vehicle loses traction and control when driving over water. The surface of the tire is actually separated from the roadway surface by a thin layer of water.

Groundwater contamination — The presence of unwanted chemical compounds in groundwater. In the case of infiltrative stormwater treatment, it would normally refer to dissolved compounds, such as nitrates. It could possibly include unwanted bacteria. Groundwater mounding — Occurs when the water table directly beneath a stormwater infiltration basin is much shallower than the seasonal extreme.

Can affect basements and foundations of nearby homes and structures. Impermeable liner — A material designed to reduce seepage from ponds and wetlands. Impervious surfaces — Hard surfaces that do not allow infiltration of rainfall into them; not pervious. Heat Island — this is an effect, observed in urban areas, of elevated ambient temperatures, which occurs due to storage of heat in the mass of concrete.

This mass takes longer to cool than surrounding areas, producing the observed effect. Infiltration — The process by which water surface water, rainfall, or runoff enters the soil. Intensive vegetated roof — A vegetated roof with a soil depth ranging from 10 inches to 4 feet. Vegetation can be composed of shrubs and trees in addition to other plants.

Irrigation is generally necessary. Heavy metals — Elements such as zinc and copper that accumulate in urban areas, mainly due to automobile use. These metals are readily available to bind to soil and clay particles, but in certain conditions can be transported with runoff and contaminate groundwater. Interlocking concrete pavers — Small pieces of concrete designed to attach to other similar pieces to form a contiguous pavement.

They typically have a small amount of pervious space between them. Some of these pavers are permeable, but not all. Hot spots — Areas that generate exceedingly high concentrations of pollutants due to land use or activities adjacent to the waterway. Invasive species — Nonnative species that can cause adverse economic or ecological impacts to the environment, usually due to the tendency of these introduced species to dominate local habitats and replace native ecological communities.

Outlet — The point of exit of water from a downspout or other best management practice, usually through a control such as an outlet structure. Karst terrain — Areas where the underlying bedrock is high in limestone composition, making the site subject to underground erosion that often results in sinkholes and unstable building conditions.

Outlet structure — A structure that regulates water discharge from best management practices and serves as an exit point from the BMP. Also known as control structure. Overflow — A component of a best management practice that diverts any water that exceeds the capacity of the storage tank to another location.

Level spreader — A gravel trench or other practice, such as a check dam, that intercepts concentrated flow and releases it as sheet flow. P Particulate pollutants — A mixture of small 2. Low impact development LID — A way of developing urban lands that attempts to maintain pre-development hydrologic function at a site.

Media, media filter bed, filter bed — The topsoil that supports plant growth with a best management practice. Bioretention media is used in dry swale and typically has high sand and low clay content and low phosphorus content. Peak stream flows — The highest water flows within a stream during a storm event. Percolation rate — The speed at which water will infiltrate into unsaturated soil. Also known as infiltration rate. Microbial decomposition — The breakdown of compounds or organic matters into smaller ones with the aid of microorganisms.

Perk test — A test following uniform procedures to measure the vertical speed at which water infiltrates unsaturated soils. Mulch — An organic material applied on the surface above the media to protect vegetation and underlying media.

Nonpotable water — Water that should not be used for drinking. Does not necessarily mean water is of poor quality for an alternate use. Antonym: potable water. Permeable pavement — A modified form of asphalt or concrete with a top layer that is pervious to water due to voids within the mix design. Nutrients — Substances required for growth of all biological organisms.

When considering water qualities, the nutrients of greatest concern in stormwater are nitrogen and phosphorus, because they are often limiting in downstream waters. Excessive amounts of these. Pervious — A ground surface that is porous and allows infiltration into it.

Pervious concrete — A permeable pavement material consisting of concrete in which the fine materials are. Sediment — Soil, rock, or biological material particles formed by weathering, decomposition, and erosion. In water environments, sediment is transported across a watershed via streams.

The concrete pavement thus contains voids that allow water to pass through. Porosity — The ratio of void space air-filled if completely dry to total volume of a soil sample. Settling — The process by which particles that are heavier than water fall to the bottom under the influence of gravity. R Rain barrel — A storage tank where roof runoff is diverted and stored. Rain barrels are often smaller than cisterns, and the water is generally used for outdoor purposes.

Rain garden — Often used interchangeably with bioretention, however it typically refers to a less formal design and installation process. Typically implemented in residential areas by homeowners. Sheet flow to open space — When sheet runoff flows from an impervious surface to open space, usually a vegetated filter strip.

Silt — Soils with a particle size between 0. Soil amendment — Any material mixed into the soil; usually compost to improve overall soil quality and structure. Soil analysis — Soil testing procedure available through Virginia Cooperative Extension VCE that analyzes soils for nutrient, mineral, and organic matter content, among other options.

Reservoir — A place where excess stormwater is stored. Residence time — Is the average time it takes water to travel through a treatment system. Residence time can also be called detention time. Soil moisture — Amount of water contained in a sample of soil; expressed as a fraction of the volume of soil. Resuspend, resuspension — When sediment that has settled becomes suspended in the water after being disturbed. Soil restoration — The technique of using compost to amend soils to improve their porosity and nutrient retention.

The restored soils are less compacted and can replicate runoff from forested areas. Roofshed — The area of the roof that drains to a single downspout. The boundary is determined by the roof and the roof ridgelines. Soil structure — How individual soil particles bind together, and the arrangement of soil pores between them.

Rooftop disconnection — RD redirects runoff from streets, storm drains, and streams onto landscaped areas and away from impervious surfaces. Soil texture — Describes the composition of soil based upon its particle sizes.

According to the U. Root barrier — Protects the impermeable liner from root puncture. It must be either a dense inorganic material that inhibits root penetration or a root repellent ingredient, such as copper. Stormwater — Water that originates from impervious surfaces during rain events; often associated with urban areas. Also called runoff.

S Sand — Soils with a particle size larger than 0. Stormwater management — The management of runoff from pre- to post-development, often using stormwater treatment practices and best management practices to manage quality and control release into receiving bodies of water. Water table — The depth at which soils are fully saturated with water. Wet ponds — Stormwater impoundments that have a permanent pool of water used to treat water pollution.

Stormwater treatment practice — A type of best management practice that is structural and reduces pollution in the water that runs through it. Wetland — Land that has hydric soil and wetland vegetation, and is periodically saturated with water. Wet swale — A shallow, gently sloping channel with broad, vegetated, side slopes constructed to slow runoff flows. It typically stays wet by intercepting the shallow groundwater table. Sustainable — The ability of the system to endure and remain productive over a long period of time.

Tilling — The process of mechanically or otherwise agitating compacted soil to produce looser, more aerated media. Topsoil — The outermost layer of the soil, which has the highest content of organic matter and microorganisms. Tree planter — An ultra-urban, small best management practice that is a bioretention system designed to exist inside a concrete box or tree planter.

See bioretention. Committee members represent various stakeholder groups involved with stormwater management. U Underdrain — A perforated pipe in the bottom of a treatment practice, such as bioretention or permeable pavement, designed to collect water that does not infiltrate native soils. V Vegetated roof — A roof designed and constructed to support living vegetation; also known as green roof.

Andruczyk, M. Swanson, L. Fox, S. French, and T. VCE Publication Vegetated roof media — A composite of inorganic material and organic materials that supports plant growth and filters runoff. Benham, B. Stormwater An Introduction for Master Gardeners. A pour point. Daniels, W. Evanylo, L. Fox, K. Haering, S. Hodges, R. Maguire, D. Sample, et al. Urban Nutrient Management Handbook. Edited by M. Gilland, T. Fox, M. Andruczyk, and L. Virginia Rainwater Harvesting Manual, 2nd ed. Salem, Va.

City of Portland Ore. Bureau of Environmental Services. Portland Stormwater Management Manual. Sample, D. Wet Ponds. Chesapeake Bay Program. Dry Detention Ponds. Infiltration Trench. Evanylo, G. Personal Communication. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration. Low Impact Development Center. Renetzky, David. Vegetative Roof Systems. Currents 7 Fall Smith, D. Herndon, Va. Virginia Department of Forestry. Whitt 1. Water released by a plant and evaporation from leaves and soil is called: a.

Exfiltration b. Transpiration c. Evapotranspiration 2. Another name for a green roof is: a. Living roof b. Vegetated roof c. Roofshed 3. The depth at which soils are fully saturated with water is called a: a. Wetland b. Water table c. All of the above. A treatment method that removes pollutants by straining, sedimentation, and similar processes is: a.

Filtration b. Erosion c. Constructed wetland 7. An area where the underlying bedrock is high in limestone composition, which often results in sinkholes and unstable building condition: a. Check dam b. Karst terrain c. None of the above 8. The topsoil that supports plant growth with a best management practice: a. Media b. Media filter bed c. Filter bed d. All of the above 9. Another name for the infiltration rate is: a. Permeability rate b.

Porosity rate c. Percolation rate Bioretention and rain gardens are the same thing. True b. False The average time it takes water to travel through a treatment system is called: a. Residence time b. Detention time c. All of the above A microbe or microorganism that causes disease is a: a. Sediment b. Pathogen c. A storage tank designed to store rainwater for later use is a: a. Cistern b. Rain barrel c. Clay soils, according to the USDA soil classification system, have a particle size smaller than: a.

A hard surface that does not allow water to flow through it is called: a. Pervious b. Permeable c. Impermeable d. Triathlon BA is packed in convenient 1-gallon containers. OHP Inc. For more information, visit www. Andy Seckinger, OHP. The tool can be found at www. The step-by-step, userfriendly tool walks homeowners through a series of questions about their yards and the type of garden they would like to plant.

Users can choose to design either a Conservation Landscape or a Rain Garden. VNLA Newsletter The Virginia Native Plant Finder lets users create their own custom native plant lists by selecting from a few dropdown menus. Bees, butterflies and hummingbirds are now among the choices, and there's a special category for monarch butterflies. Users also can search plants by common or scientific name to learn which plants benefit a particular pollinator.

The initiative was led by the College of Agriculture's Joel Koci who formed the committee in collaboration with faculty, Facilities, Police and Public Safety, and community groups. VSU was recertified in and received a plaque from the Arbor Day Foundation at our recent service event on April 22! In recognition of this honor, The College of Agriculture will be placing tags on selected trees on campus to remind us of the benefits of trees.

The attached fact sheet describes the benefits of trees on our Chesapeake Bay watershed. Virginia's forests play a big part in protecting the health of the Chesapeake Bay. As water moves across the landscape, it can pick up pollutants — substances that do not belong in a healthy stream. Examples of pollutants include fertilizers from farm fields, pesticides from home lawns, oil and chemicals from roadways and parking lots, and even soil from new construction sites.

Watersheds with lots of trees have some natural protection from these harmful substances. Heavy rains are less likely to disturb and carry away soil in a forested watershed. This is because the raindrops slow down when they hit tree leaves and drip to the ground. The trees also act as filters for many of the pollutants carried in water. Tree roots absorb much of the water as it sinks into the soil.

As trees use water, they remove pollutants before releasing water back into the air. Fortunately, almost two thirds of Virginia's land is forested - that is, covered by trees. This article focuses on the employee training requirements which become effective on January 1, As a refresher, the WPS applies whenever a pesticide referencing the WPS is used in the production of an agricultural plant. This would include establishments such as greenhouses and nurseries where plants are grown commercially and also retail garden centers that maintain plants for sale.

A person would be employed if they receive a salary or wages, including piece-rate wages, on the establishment where the agricultural plants are produced. The WPS defines two types of employees, workers and handlers. Workers perform tasks in areas where pesticides have been applied to agricultural plants. They may contact plants, plant parts, or soil and other surfaces that may contain pesticide residues.

They should not have direct exposure to the pesticide before it is mixed or while it is being. Handlers mix, load, or apply the pesticide. They may also perform other duties such as handling open containers, assist with applications, act as flaggers or repair and maintain contaminated equipment. The WPS training requirements differ somewhat for both types of employees.

The training provided to handlers will also allow them to perform worker tasks. Beginning in , WPS training will be required annually once every 12 months for workers and handlers. Previously, training was required once every 5 years. All employees trained during the current year or over the past 4 years will have to be trained again in Another significant change is the timing of training.

In the past, employers could provide workers with basic safety information upon hiring and then were allowed to let workers work for up to 5 days before providing them with full WPS training. This will no longer be permitted. Employers will have to provide workers with full WPS pesticide safety training prior to performing any task in a treated area of an establishment where within the last 30 days a pesticide product has been used or a restricted-entry interval has been in effect.

The revised WPS places the responsibility for training workers or handlers, including those provided by labor contractors, on the person who owns the agricultural establishment or who is responsible for managing it. Growers who use labor contractors will want to obtain documentation of the pesticide safety training for each worker or provide it themselves prior to allowing contracted laborers to work on their establishment.

In the past, recordkeeping of pesticide safety training was voluntary as was the issuance of training verification cards. Under the revised WPS employers must document then maintain records of pesticide safety training for each worker or handler employed for two years from the date of the training. If an employee requests, the employer must also provide them with a record of their training. The training record has to include the following information: 1. The date of training. Information identifying the EPA-approved materials used.

The trainers name and documentation of qualifications ex. Certification Number. Training must be conducted in areas that are free from distraction and conducive to learning. The trainer will also have to present the information, either orally from written materials, or audio-visually in a manner that the employees can understand. If the workers or handlers do not speak the same language as the trainer, a translator would be necessary.

The trainer must be present during the entire training and respond to questions. The trainer will be unable to put in a training video and go do other activities. The content requirements for the pesticide safety training have been expanded but will not be required until January 1, at the earliest. New training resources are currently in development.

Although trainers will not have to cover the new content in , they will have to make sure that their training materials are EPA-approved. In the past, the training materials did not have to receive EPA-approval as long as they covered all the required content.

EPA B or approval code. In addition to the pesticide safety training, handlers may also have to be trained on the use of a respirator. This becomes a requirement when the handler will apply pesticides which require respiratory protection.

The training would be specific to the respirator required by the pesticide label. In addition to this training requirement, the employee would also have to undergo a medical evaluation prior to using the specified respirator and be fit tested for that respirator. As with the basic pesticide safety training employers will have to retain records related to respirator training, fit testing and medical evaluations for 2 years.

Employers also have to provide employees with establishment specific information. Specifically, employers must inform workers and handlers about the location of the pesticide safety information poster ; pesticide application information and safety data sheets; and decontamination supplies.

In many cases, the employer may want to include this with the pesticide safety training. If a business hires someone who has already been trained under WPS during the past year at another employer or by a labor contractor, they would have to provide this establishment specific information separately from the training. This allows Telamon to provide free WPS compliant pesticide safety training to growers throughout Virginia.

If you have additional questions about the new training requirements feel free to contact Micah Raub, the Program Coordinator for the Worker Protection Standard. Raub can be reached by phone at or by email at micah. Pesticide safety trainers must meet certain criteria prior to providing pesticide safety training. If they train workers, they must be either a certified applicator, state designated trainer, or a trainer who has gone through a train-thetrainer training program for workers or handlers.

Previously, trained handlers could train workers but that will no longer be permitted. Doc Files Most, if not all, hacking attempts come via the old Office file formats. That's because those formats allowed malicious code to be added to the file and run by Office programs. Those formats are now obsolete, having been replaced almost a decade ago.

Any organization should be sending the Office and later. These formats are much more secure because they won't run any code, even if its included. Since those file formats have been available for a decade, there's no excuse for sending older and potentially dangerous files. If you do occasionally get legitimate emails with older format files, consider asking for a resend in a more secure format.

Some organizations, rightly, refuse to accept. While only a small percentage of plant species can be identified so far, the more users who join, and the more participants from different countries become involved, the more diverse this app will become. So if this is something that interests you, get the app and start contributing today. What Value Does It Add? The average person these days is enjoying a greater appreciation for nature this app can help them outfit their home and living space with plants they love.

In the future, an edible database could help foragers pick from the wild spread nature has to offer. Not only are wild sources of plants and herbs cleaner and free of pesticides, but they also can be picked fresher and be more nutritious. It Will Identify Any Plant from a Picture An estimated , flowering plant species exist in the world, and, understandably, it can be difficult to keep track.

The vast majority of us can only recognize and name a handful of plants, even if we would like it to be otherwise. If you would like to sharpen your knowledge in the wonderful realm of plant species, I have some good news for you. Like everything else: there's an app for that! If you ever walk by a specific plant that you would like to identify, or you have extensive knowledge about plant species that you would like to share, then the PlantNet app is for you.

Available for iPhone and Android devices, it is essentially the Shazam for plants. How Does the App Work? The app works by collecting data from a large social network which uploads pictures and information about plants. The app features visualization software which recognizes many plant species, provided they have been illustrated well enough in the botanical reference base. PlantNet currently works on more than 4, species of wild flora of the French territory, and the species list is provided through the application.

The number of species included and images used by the application grows as more users contribute. You are part of an industry community grassroots network where a more informed and engaged membership has the collective ability to influence federal legislation, regulation, Davi Horta Bowen is the AmericanHort Government and policy issues that will deterRelations and Grassroots mine the future.

Your organizaRepresentative tion's direct involvement will shape the environment in which our member businesses can survive, and even thrive. The new program year begins July 1! Your partnership this past year enabled our associations to collaboratively work with Congress and key federal agencies.

We've mostly held our ground in the ongoing effort to protect and preserve the H-2 programs until broader reforms are possible. In December, Congress reinstated the expired H-2B. Returning Worker exemption, providing cap relief to many in our industry. We continue to push for timely application and visa petition processing, one of the many issues for which Lighthouse partners joined onto Congressional letters to keep pressure on the agencies to perform. We've been deeply involved in efforts to slow the Department of Labor's Overtime Rule.

This rule will be a challenge especially for retail and landscape firms, as well as our associations themselves. It has been an arduous process and the battle continues. On the opportunity side, implementation of the Farm Bill's horticulture-related programs has allowed us all to enjoy the fruits of our joint advocacy and grassroots labor. The Farm Bill has enabled several critical and high-profile specialty crop research projects, including intelligent spray application technology, the growing Rose Rosette Disease threat, and critical pollinator health projects.

It has enabled vital work on pest and disease mitigation. And, the list of states active in the Plant Something program, an important industry awareness and promotion effort, continues to grow. As we look to the activity year ahead, which starts July 1, the Bee and Pollinator Stewardship Initiative and overtime issues will continue to be a major focus. With the November elections, we'll have a new administration and dozens of new Members of Congress with whom the industry needs to build a relationship.

And, big picture policy issues like tax and immigration reform may return to center stage. The Lighthouse Program provides a national grassroots action platform through the online Voter Voice. Also, we will continue to provide our partners with biweekly insights on what's happening in Washington, and how it impacts our industry.

You are welcome to adapt this information for your own communications. We are committed to open and effective collaboration with our partner association staff and leadership. We are available by phone or email to share ideas and updates. Some of our partners invite us to join periodic leadership calls and to attend events to provide updates.

We are happy to work with our partners to coordinate lobbying visits to Washington, DC, or to collaborate on local, in-district Congressional visits on priority issues. At AmericanHort, we believe that the industry's success is intertwined. We proudly count breeders and growers of all types, interior and exterior landscape professionals, garden retailers, landscape distributors, and suppliers among our members.

We are committed to moving the entire industry forward. Plants, and the successful production and use of plants, are the common denominator. Our advocacy values include taking the long view, and maintaining a reputation for effectiveness with integrity. Staying involved is easy. The VNLA provides membership data to AmericanHort and is used only for grassroots messaging purposes by way of the Lighthouse brand and through the Voter Voice platform.

Here's how it works. Access to the Voter Voice online grassroots mobilization website Timely, customized grassroots alerts when Congress or federal agencies need to hear from us Articles every two weeks providing issue updates and interpretation for partners to publish in newsletters, on social media, or web Access to AmericanHort's advocacy staff team.

Strength in Numbers - A single letter, email, or tweet won't get a lawmaker's attention. But dozens of messages on a single issue can make a difference. And hundreds - or better yet, thousands - are even more likely to. With 40 state association partners as well as the National Christmas Tree Association, we're now nearly 15, business voices strong. That means thousands of businesses that can be activated to quickly respond to threats or opportunities. For business owners and managers, our goal is to make it easier to stay informed, get engaged, and be effective.

Tips - Understanding the Terms Affordable and Minimum Value Coverage In general, under the employer shared responsibility provisions of the Affordable Care Act, an applicable large employer may either offer affordable minimum essential coverage that provides minimum value to its full-time employees and their dependents or potentially owe an employer shared responsibility payment to the IRS.

Here is information to help you understand affordable coverage and minimum value coverage. Affordable coverage: If the lowest cost self-only only health plan is 9. Minimum value coverage: An employer-sponsored plan provides minimum value if it covers at least 60 percent of the total allowed cost of benefits that are expected to be incurred under the plan. Under existing guidance, employers generally must use a minimum value calculator developed by the Department of Health and Human Services and the IRS to determine if a plan with standard features provides minimum value.

Plans with nonstandard features are required to obtain an actuarial certification for the nonstandard features. The guidance also describes certain safe harbor plan designs that will satisfy minimum value. On average, these homeowners counted over 3, stink bugs. Suburban and urban dwellers counted fewer stink bugs. Department agency. Agricultural Research Service ARS entomologist Tracy Leskey and her team at the Appalachian Fruit Research Station in Kearneysville, West Virginia, surveyed the forests and found that oak and locust trees seem to be the favorite stink bug overwintering sites.

According to Leskey, the porous dead tissue and peeling bark make a great place for the bugs to crawl into and hide. She found stink bugs in 33 percent of the trees fitting those parameters. The survey team included two detector dogs. The dogs were first trained to recognize the odor of adult stink bugs. Then, in indoor trials, they were guided by their handlers to find bugs hidden in cardboard boxes.

Next, the dogs were trained in the field, where bugs were hidden beneath pieces of bark attached to living trees. In both indoor and outdoor trials, the dogs accurately detected target insects with greater than 84 percent accuracy. Finally, the dogs were taken to woodland areas along the Appalachian Trail in Maryland. In these real-world conditions, the detector dogs were able to find wild overwintering stink bugs.

As part of a project known as the "Great Stink Bug Count," citizen volunteers from the Mid-Atlantic, Midwest, and Pacific Northwest regions of the United States recorded daily counts of stink bugs, along with their locations on residences and the time of each tally. Landscape type seemed to have the greatest influence on overall stink bug numbers arriving at specific homes, according to Leskey.

Maybe you should care. Which gives us the perfect environment Eastern for growing happy, healthy plants. The result of these larger grants will be better tools for tree professionals. Arboriculture, International Society of Arboriculture,.

As part of a strategic goal to inBugwood. Eric Smith. Susan Day, PhD Virginia Tech hypothesizes that the overall urban forest canopy structure has a greater effect on stormwater mitigation than characteristics of individual trees. Day will examine how planting design trees only, trees plus understory, understory only and tree management leaf removal or mulching influence water infiltration and capture.

Results can be used to optimize groundcover management beneath trees and to inform stormwater policy and runoff estimation models. Identification The adults are shiny black with a reddish head, oval, 3. Their hind legs are enlarged and they are capable of jumping, hence the name flea beetle. Adults frequently will feed on tender new shoots or growth.

Trees in full bloom at this time were Chinese Fringetree Figure 2B and Black locust Figure 2A , and wild cher r y, azalea, and Vir ginia sweetspire not pictured were in bloom. Larvae do not appear to significantly damage host plants while feeding on the roots. Figure 3: Emer gence of Adults: A. Magnolia grandiflora in bloom; B. Ilex verticillata in bloom, C. Ilex verticillata flower close up. Figure 4: Second gener ation flea beetle lar vae; A.

Hosta in bloom, B. Emergence of second generation adults occurred around 1,, GDD Woody plants with easily observed phenological indicators were not present at this time. Control Thiamethoxam, dinotefuran, lambda-cyhalothrin, and bifenthrin reduced adult feeding on with foliar applications; however residual activity seemed to decline after a week.

Cyanotriliprole treated plants had fewer damaged leaves 30 d after application. Beauveria bassiana, Metarhizium anisopliae both reduced number of live flea beetle larvae found in root balls that had been dipped in solution for 30 seconds twice 2 weeks apart.

Imidacloprid, dinotefuran, and bifenthrin also appeared to reduce live larvae found in drenched root balls. She also reviewed the investment funds and their related accounting practices. Action Agenda items discussed with a motion to accept: Executive Transition - Sonya Westervelt had submitted a written report and noted that the committee was continuing on Phase II.

In August and September, the consultant will be contacting each board member for a phone interview to get their input on the selection process for the next executive director. He should then have a written report for the Fall board meeting. Then the search process would begin in the spring of It was noted that this a opportunity for the association to do big things. A motion was made to accept the complete written report, seconded and passed.

Green Industry Economic Impact Survey - Bill Gouldin and Jeff Miller reviewed the proposal from Gil Grattan to participate and support the planned green industry survey as noted in the written report. There was a discussion on the type of information that would be most beneficial for the VNLA. They will still have the Environmental Horticulture major along with two new majors in Environmental Restoration and Organic Agriculture.

There are currently 75 students in the department and they are getting a lot of transfers into the department. There have been 69 new VNLA member applications received since the first of the year. The recent Membership Survey is complete and the committee is examining the results and proposing ways to respond and react to the memberships feedback. Social networking events were held in Charlottesville and Richmond this winter and additional events are planned for northern VA and Hampton Roads areas.

Essentially the agencies are failing to live up to their obligations under the law to carry out the program in a timely and efficient manner. The returning worker cap is also being debated. These programs are caught up in the larger immigration debate. The Noxious Weeds Bill was signed into law. See the Environmental Committee report for a summary on the current status. The Eastern Groundwater Advisory Committee continues to study groundwater levels east of Interstate Many meetings are ongoing regarding this issue and will continue for the next year.

Ed Tankard attended the Mission H20 annual meeting on May 12th. The third meeting will be on June 16, in Richmond. The following notes were submitted by Brent from the March meeting: There had been a question at the first meeting in December about whether potential weed species could be listed while the process to change regulatory definitions took place.

Larry Nichols reported that the Committee can go ahead on both fronts. Because the statute was changed the process the change the regulations must start from the beginning. This involves 3 steps: 1. Present proposed language of amended regs to Board for approval.

Also present a list of proposed candidate species. Public Comment period The process to change the regulations could take 2 years. VDACS would add a detailed noxious weeds page to their website containing a document that outlines how candidate species should be submitted. Also we spent time beginning the conversation on what the proposal process would look like and contain. There are many varying opinions on this issue and so will take time to establish. Finally, because the definition of a noxious weed was changed in the statute the definitions of what is a Tier 1 and Tier 2 noxious weed must change.

We began the process of changing these definitions and added a Tier 3. Pollinator Protection Plan Advisory Committee - Virginia is currently developing a Pollinator Protection Plan and Josh Ellinger has taken the lead on this issue and provides a summary in his report.

The advisory committee meet via conference call for an initial review of Virginia's Plan to Mitigate the Risk of Pesticides to Managed Pollinators Plan. The purpose of this call was to provide an overview of the critical elements of the Plan prior to the June 15, meeting of the advisory committee.

Is there other technology that will accomplish the same goals; alternatives? Did we look at their plans? Will it be used for other purposes? Identification of Hives - The current Plan does not include visual identification of hives, for example, the use of a flag or another physical identifier. Aerial applicators need to be able to identify hives during flight. Notification - The current Plan proposes notification of all known beekeepers with hives within one 1 mile of the application site of all planned pesticide applications as soon as the application is planned and when possible, at least 24 hours in advance of the application.

The current Plan also proposes that applicators provide pesticide product information including the product name, active ingredient, formulation, method of application and planned time of application. EPAs guidance listed options. How did we get to 24 hours and 1 mile? Are the Beekeepers responsible for making themselves known?

They are currently under development. The current Plan also proposes as a possible BMP that, when possible, applicators use selective pesticides that have minimal impact on non-target species. Evaluation - The current Plan proposes metrics to determine the effectiveness of the Plan to promote the implementation of best management practices and enhance communication between agricultural producers, landowners, pesticide applicators, and beekeepers.

The current Plan does not include the mechanism for measuring the effectiveness. DriftWatch - The current draft Plan proposes utilization of DriftWatch as a communication tool to encourage the voluntary exchange of information. Certification - Jeff Howe - 8 tests were administered this spring through June 2, with members taking the test.

From feedback, the Scholar online review program has been a major benefit to increase the passing rate, especially the Plant ID. We want you all to wear your badges proudly and promote your expertise. When asked please explain what it means to you and show someone how you can teach them a little horticulture. Encourage your place of work to display the placards and use the new stickers and magnets on their vehicles and spread your achievement on social media.

It is the proper use of this professionalism that benefits us all in untold ways. We have received some good feedback about the program from testing issues and errors to the aged manual and the review classes. The consensus is the manual is a great source of information but not a textbook for the certification exam. The review classes are helpful and should be more consistent with a visual teaching aid presentation.

We think this presentation and text can be incorporated to on online review and testing and we are exploring the cost involved with developing this work. We have distributed both the VA Master Gardeners new manual and the Maryland Certified Horticulturist manual to be reviewed by members of the certification committee and some VCH advisors in the Education Field as we move forward with revamping our manual.

We will have a survey coming out over the summer to better understand the current status of our certified members and get some more feedback on this 78 year old program with a total of certified members I did a webinar with NALP about 3 weeks ago on marketing their Landscape Industry certification. Three leaders, two of maintenance companies and one garden center told how it set them apart and how they pasted the branding on everything print and promoted it on radio social media.

I think we need magnets for company trucks or ones that employees can move from vehicle to vehicle like the arborist and pesticide applicators have. I like the stamp and need one. I am of the mindset that VNLA should provide all certified members with promotional stuff for no charge but I know that is a tough sell. I spent a couple of days on a technical advisory committee with the CBCLP program, which is in it infancy as you know.

It is going to be interesting to see how this regional certification program develops. Website Advertising options were discussed as an additional revenue stream. Beech Bark Disease Nectina coccinea var. Those in the northeast may already be familiar with this disease complex; others within the native range should be aware and on the lookout!

The insect is a bark scale Cryptococcus fagisuga and an associated exotic fungus Nectria coccinea var. While the bark scale is visible and relatively easy to spot, symptoms of the fungal infection are slow to progress, with infected trees declining via crown dieback over one to 10 years before finally failing. Call or email info vnla. Should a business, or individual s within a business, hold professional certification s? While it's the choice of the business or individual as to what certifications are held, it's becoming clear that holding professional certifications is increasingly important for salaries and profits.

Across all business sectors in the U. But the gap shows signs of closing. Also, those individuals and businesses that hold a certificate within an industry e. There are other important reasons for considering certifications, including potential tax breaks, group purchasing.

So while many certifications require an up-front time and money commitment, the value of certifications seems to be increasing. One of those big reasons centers on marketing. We all know the basic tenants of marketing: You have to. Appointment Parks and Recreation Commission. Resolution Appointment of Assistant Election Officials. Resolution Neighborhood Development Area. February 24, Public Information Hearing. February 18, Amendments to CC. Communcation II Natural Environment. Communication Ernie Pomerleau Parking requirement initiative.

Communication I Land Use Plan. Communication Relationship to Other Plans. Resolution Authorization to Grant Charter Hardship. February 10, Agenda and supporting documentation. January 27, Agenda and supporting documentation-proposed amended version. Agenda-proposed amended version-. Communication Marie Adams re Gun Violence. Resolution Re Ward Boundaries. January 21, January 17, January 13, Communication City Council Minutes October 21 Communication City Council Minutes October 28 Communication City Council Minutes October 7 Communication City Council Minutes September 23 Communication Gary Smith Certificate of Mileage.

Outside Consumption Permit Hotel Vermont. Request for Abatement of Taxes Boutin. Request for Abatement of Taxes Brouilette Trust.

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Jon Vest. Extension Agent, Agriculture and Natural Resources - Crop & Soil Sciences Jonathan Vest. Jon. ; jmvest@currencypricesforext.com · Virginia Tech. Jon Vest, Senior Extension Agent, Agriculture and Natural Resources Crop & Soil Sciences, jmvest@currencypricesforext.com Penny Webster, Program Associate. Want to learn how to graft your own fruit trees? Watch as Floyd Cooperative Extension agent Jon Vest explains the grafting process.