Diversity is a key word in describing our operations - be it conservation or eco-tourism. Our overnight visitor facilities range from a cave in the Maloti-DrakensbergPark through open campsites, self catering rondavels, chalets, safari tents, to cottages and luxury lodges. This diversity offers something to suit all pockets. Depending on the sort of wildlife experience our visitors want they can choose from a variety of facilities in one of the 65 protected areas that offer overnight accommodation.
Not all of our more than protected areas offer accommodation as some are quite small. Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife offers many unique and wonderful experiences for its visitors - these include guided walks, overnight Wilderness Trails in Imfolozi, access to ancient San rock-art, close-up encounters with crocodiles at the St Lucia Crocodile Centre, peace and solitude in the Drakensberg, unparalleled scenery and vistas and superb game viewing from the comfort of your own car or in a guided open vehicle tour.
We have dedicated Community Conservation Officers and their staff who work amongst rural communities assisting and teaching good biodiversity conservation practice and a lot more. A levy on each tourist paying to enter a protected area provides funding for community projects which are financed through the carefully administered Community Levy Fund. An active Projects Section negotiates funding from major national and international sources.
This too is tightly managed. An exciting new initiative is the Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife Biodiversity Stewardship programme in which we enter into partnerships with private landowners in order to protect valuable biodiversity assets that occur on that private land. To date five new nature reserves have been created under the Stewardship Programme.
To date five conservancies of about 20 ha have been formed and have been stocked with founder populations of this iconic animal. This is one of 27 World Heritage Sites to be inscribed for both natural and cultural attributes. The natural aspect recognizes the outstanding scenic beauty of the Park, a unique aspect being that it is a scarp range. The cultural aspect recognizes the unique San rock-art which is such a feature of the Park which is in effect a massive outdoor art gallery housing some 40 rock-art images in an estimated different sites.
One of these is the Game Passs helter near Kamberg which is recognized as the "Rosetta Stone" of San rock-art in that it holds the key to interpreting the meaning of much rock-art symbolism. The Park is one of the major water-producing areas of South Africa with rivers rising within its boundaries feeding all the major urban and rural areas of KZN. A great many small nature reserves lie within this region, all of which hold some unique attraction for the visitor. Zululand traditionally is big game Country and this region holds the famous Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park— genetic home of every white rhino population in the world, Ndumo Game Reserve, Tembe Elephant Park currently home to an elephant with the largest tusks in South Africa and diverse Ithala Game Reserve.
Many other smaller protected areas can be found within this region. This park is managed by the Wetland Authority but Ezemvelo manages the ecotourism operations as well as biodiversity conservation on an agency basis within the Park. A visit to the Ezemvelo website confirms that Ezemvelo is an extremely multi-facetted and diverse organization just as the protected areas and the various species in them are diverse.
The various protected areas in the KZN parks system are well worth a visit and it is seemly to keep in mind the hidden benefits of maintaining these parks for the benefit of the present and future generations. Passion — We shall be passionate in what we do. Respect — We shall perform our duties in a professional, ethical manner. Trust — We shall act transparently, with integrity and honesty in all we do. Innovation — We shall embrace a culture of learning, adaptation and creativity at all times.
Excellence — We shall strive to apply best practices to achieve the highest quality and standards at all times. The Board is the Accounting Authority. For trading and branding purposes the name Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife Ezemvelo was registered as a trademark, and has become the brand name of the organization. In addition to the above, the Board is also guided by the recommendation of the King Report on Corporate Governance.
EXCO develops strategy, refines it and delivers in a way to ensure implementation and achievement of business plans. EXCO ensures best practice implementation throughout the organisation and supports the board by;. Administration includes operations that report directly to the Chief Executive Officer, in consultation with the Accounting Authority Ezemvelo Board and the Executive Committee, administration ensures efficient implementation of the visionary framework and the achievement of the strategic plan and goals.
It ensures that implementation of conservation activities takes place within the framework of the organisational strategy, legislative prescripts and international conventions. The Eco-Tourism Cluster raises revenue and generates profits by leveraging ecotourism strengths without compromising either environmental integrity or the biodiversity responsibility of the organisation. The cluster generates revenue from accommodation at the camps, concessions, guest activities in protected areas, resale of facilities, natural resource trade and permits.
The Corporate Services Cluster provides the support function to the core business units. These functions are performed according to the cluster service model which are based on the Total Quality Management system. These are the Strategic Objectives which were reviewed and adopted by the Ezemvelo Board for — These objective are aligned with the Republic of South Africa government priorities.
These documents it may take a couple of minutes download they are 2megs each. The Board is also charged to direct the development and promotion of ecotourism facilities within the protected areas. KZN Wildlife therefore carries out the day to day operation of the nature conservation in KwaZulu-Natal and as such is accountable to the Board. The above Act is essentially enabling Legislation creating the legal structures necessary to carry out the above mentioned functions.
Although the KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Amendment Act, which prescribes the law relating to the protection of flora and fauna, has been passed, until such time as regulations necessary to supplement the Amendment Act are finalised the Amendment Act will not be enacted and the law enforcement provisions are still dealt with by the remaining sections of the Natal Nature Conservation Ordinance 15 of and the KwaZulu Nature Conservation Act, The Amendment Act schedules specially protected indigenous animals and plants and provides certain legal protections for the scheduled species so as to assist Conservation officials in the protection of Biodiversity.
It also deals with professional hunting and non indigenous species and sets out a system of permitting for certain activities. The Amendment Act also designates the powers of KZN Wildlife officials and provides for the appointment of Honourary Officers who provide their services free of charge. The Amendment Act also specifies categories of protected areas and provides a mechanism for the proclamation and de-proclamation of protected areas.
In an effort to stamp out unethical behaviour, Ezemvelo has secured the services of Whistle Blowers Pty Ltd , an independent information gathering company, whom employees of Ezemvelo , its suppliers and customers, can report unethical behaviour, without fear of victimisation. We would like to remind you that whistleblowers have a right to remain anonymous.
We NEVER divulge the identity of a whistleblowers, even if their identity is know to us due a trust relationship developing between our operators and whistleblowers. Reports can be submitted by fax, email, SMS or online from our website www. However, the most favoured whistleblowing mechanism is our call centre, manned by multilingual operators, trained to gather information and compile reports. Ezemvelo has also shown a determination to provide for a safe reporting whistleblowing mechanism, suppliers and customers by insisting that all reports are dealt with at the highest level.
Reports are forwarded to designated individuals within the company for investigation. Furthermore, the Protected Disclosures Act, Act 26 of , makes provision of employees to report unlawful or irregular conduct by employers and fellow employees, while providing for protection of employees who blow the whistle on such unethical behaviour.
Provide the operator with as many details as possible regarding the unethical behaviour or issue you are reporting:. The operator will provide you with a reference number, which you will need to recall for future follow-up calls.
Please assist Ezemvelo in our endeavour to eliminate any dishonest and unethical practices. Ezemvelo is sensitive to the needs of people with disabilities and in all of its recent developments has designed certain of its facilities so that they are accessible to all users.
The needs of people with disabilities has not always been well catered for and many of the older Ezemvelo camps are not suitable for people in wheelchairs because of the terrain and consequent multiple levels of building. Malaria cases drop in Zambezi region.
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Dube TradePort is set to become a highly competitive business-operating environment and forms the heart of the emerging Aerotropolis: KZN. The KZN Broadband Project will facilitate broadband roll-out in the province, providing internet to schools, clinics, business areas and homes throughout the province. It is tailored for manufacturing and storage of goods to boost beneficiation, investment, economic growth and, most importantly, the development of skills and employment.
The South African sugar industry has accessed the potential of renewable energy projects in its sector by a massive R18 billion cumulative investment. The South African sugar industry has accessed the potential of renewable energy projects in its sector by a massive R18 billion cumulative investment, resulting in the order of MW of sustainable renewable cogenerated electricity from sugarcane fibre.
In a study by Leslie and Spotila they investigated the impact of C. They found that the alien plant species poses a very serious threat to a continued survival of the C. Lucia ecosystem. Their data confirmed that C. Nests in shaded sites would, therefore, be well below the pivotal temperature for C. Of the six nesting site investigated, three have been invaded by C. Similarly, turtles and some lizards also have temperature-dependant sex determination Hutton, ; Bull and Charnov, ; Janzen and Puakstis, ; Wibbels, Bull et al.
According to Samways and Taylor , many of the endemic dragonflies and damselflies Insecta: Odonata are threatened by invasive alien trees, in particular Acacia mearnsii Black wattle and Acacia longifolia Long-leaved Wattle. These trees shade out the vegetal understorey and, as a result, grasses that are perching sites for these species, and bushes that are oviposition sites, are disappearing. In the Zululand Region, the globally threatened Pseudagrion newtoni Harlequin Sprite and the nationally threatened Lestinogomphus angustus Spined Fairytail are examples of such species that are threatened.
Preliminary analyses show that the aggressive invasive nature of this species can be attributed to its exceptionally high growth rate and its enormous seed production. It appears that overall herbivore densities within C. However the results do indicate that grazers are negatively affected by C. The plants species diversity in infested areas is not affected to a great extent, but the abundance of indigenous plant species is significantly decreased by the presence of C.
In areas that were cleared of C. This coincides with a shift from C. The study also showed that C. Fire appears to be effective in hampering the invasion of C. In a study conducted in HiP on the impact of C. Another aspect of this study determined if the system is able to rehabilitate itself after clearing operations. The results indicated that the treatments that were cleared years ago have a higher spider diversity index value as compared to treatments that were cleared years ago.
This suggests rehabilitation is taking place Ms M. Mgobozi, pers comm. A further study within HiP is investigating the effects of C. Because L. In addition small mammal monitoring can be used as a method of indicating whether the functioning of an ecosystem is healthy or unhealthy and may facilitate the management of nature reserves and future development of natural areas. From the preliminary data, it appears as if L. However, anecdotal data shows that they sometimes use C.
However, more analysis needs to be done on the data to confirm these findings. The same study also found that areas that have been invaded for long periods have the lowest small mammal diversities Ms L. Dumalisile, pers comm. The invasion by C. Questions have also been raised on what impact C. Consequently, the need for ongoing research is vitally important in furthering our knowledge and understanding of all invasive alien plant species and their associated impacts.
Poaching, combined with inadequate field protection has decimated these populations throughout the continent. The target being their horns for medicinal purposes in the East and tradition daggers in Yemen. Of the four black rhino subspecies, the future of the western black rhino is especially bleak, with the species probably now extinct in Cameroon, the last known population.
The south-central black rhino Diceros bicornis minor which we have here in KwaZulu-Natal is the most numerous, yet still has only an estimated population of in the wild worldwide, of which occur in South Africa. The most recent estimate of 3 black rhinos all four species in December indicates that they are showing a gradual increase.
In KwaZulu-Natal there are black rhino D. To prevent rhino disappearing forever it is necessary to protect them from poaching and manage them to maintain rapid population growth. And it is with this defining principle in mind is that drives the management initiatives in the iSimanagaliso Wetland Park in respect to black rhino and indeed other rare and endangered species such as white rhino, wild dog and oribi. The protection of black rhino involves an elaborate security system which involves field rangers and section rangers patrolling the areas that they frequent daily and record details of all sightings of black rhino on prescribed forms which are later captured in a database at the section headquarters.
The details are strictly quality controlled and the life history of as many animals as possible are tracked through personal history sheets. It is for this reason that every two years expensive ear-notching operations take place with helicopters and immobilizing drugs.
The principle being that the more animals that are known in a population the greater control one has over the population estimate and performance, in measuring for example date at first calving, inter-calving intervals, calf mortalities, home ranges etc. All this data also provides valuable historical data in the event of an animal that disappears and serious manpower and effort is mobilised to try and locate the animal.
In terms of maximizing the black rhino population performance breeding the rhino strategy for the Park follows the guidelines and principles set by the IUCN African Rhino Specialist Group and the SADC Rhino Management Group, which prescribes a set harvesting rate for populations at or near ecological carrying capacity. There is an exciting new development with the fencing Ozabeni, a large 50 ha section of the Park, which is ear-marked for a founder introduction of black rhino in This introduction will provide a vital link between EasternShores and uMkhuze, furthering the viability of black rhino in the iSimangalisoPark.
The introduction to Ozabeni will top the figure of black rhino in the iSimangaliso WetlandPark and securing it the highest status possible, a KEY 1 population in terms of the IUCN African Rhino Specialist Group rankings — a great achievement worth protecting and maximizing performance for the survival of the black rhino forever!! The migrant labour system milked the area of its youth and infrastructure was rudimentary. The result was that the traditional fishtraps, which were an important part of Zulu culture, were dwindling in numbers and trapping was a dying art.
The area was recognized as having outstanding biodiversity and scenery and steps were taken, at the highest level, to enhance its conservation status. During this process, efforts were made to investigate fish trapping and establish its impacts.
Research results suggested that catches were sustainable and not in direct conflict with recreational and other fishers. Traps caught a fairly small proportion of the fish migrating to the ocean to spawn and recreational anglers in the lakes and had an opportunity to catch fish before their migrations. As a result of the findings trapping was recognized as a legitimate fishing method and, while improved management reduced illegal and unsustainable fishing methods, it reversed the decline in trap numbers.
The collapse of the migrant labour system, after the end of Apartheid, resulted in large numbers of unemployed young men returning to Kosi Bay. There were still few employment opportunities but one opportunity was to build fishtraps and sell the catch. The result was a marked and sustained increase in the number of traps, with more than a doubling in numbers between and Another result was to convert a generally subsistence fishery into a mostly commercial operation.
In the Ukhahlamba Drakensberg area the main concern is wattle, pine, lantana and bramble. Along the Coast as with the Zululand reserves the main invasive plants already established in many areas are chromolaena and lantana. These lists are updated and kept in a central database. Also densities in an area are updated annually to update clearing costs.
Alien species refer to any animal or plant, or any other type of organism that is introduced to a new area through the accidental or deliberate actions of humans, but which are not necessarily invasive. The important fact that needs to be highlighted is the involvement of humans in the introduction of such species either deliberately or accidentally, e. Yellow bells tecoma stans or accidentally, triffid weed chromolaena odorata it has been suggested that it was introduced into the country during the second world war in a shipment of horse feed.
This definition excludes the natural migration of native species to new areas due to environmental changes or influences. Invasive species produce reproductive off-spring, often in very large numbers, at a considerable distance from the parent plant, and have the potential to spread over large areas. It has been suggested that plants that spread over metres in less than 50 years warrant classification as invasive species. For plant species spreading by roots, rhizomes, stolons, or creeping stems, it is suggested that spreading more than six metres within a period of three years would constitute an invasive species.
Therefore it can be said that how quickly and how far a species spreads defines its invasive status. The following are examples of known negative impacts of invasive alien plants:. No, only a small percentage of introduced species become naturalized or invasive. Many alien species are highly beneficial to humans, e.