In addition, the government has several import substitution policies which aim to increase local production over imports through subsidies, tariffs, quotas and other barriers to trade. Amongst these measures is a Federal Government directive which stipulates that preference be granted to domestic manufacturers, contractors and service providers in all government procurements.
Furthermore, in December the Nigerian Senate passed an amendment to the Public Procurement Act of which would, among other changes, compel Federal Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies to show preference for local goods and services. The amendment is awaiting passage by the House of Representatives as well as assent by the President prior to its enactment. Nigerian port practices continue to present major obstacles to trade.
Importers report erratic application of customs regulations, lengthy clearance procedures, high berthing and unloading costs, and corruption. Due to lack of space at Lagos ports, ships reportedly queue up for days, and in some cases weeks and months, before being able to berth and discharge their contents.
Due to delays caused by congestion and the poor condition of the port access roads, operations at Nigerian ports are among the most expensive in the world. However, there have been reported slow but steady improvements in the goods transit process. The Nigerian Port Authority NPA , through public-private partnership arrangements, has undertaken rehabilitation of port terminals in Lagos and Port Harcourt, deepened water channels, upgraded common user facilities, and removed wrecks from water channels.
More information about non-tariff trade barriers in Nigeria. For more information and help with trade barriers please contact:. The challenges facing slums are not new, but during the COVID pandemic they demand solutions more urgently than ever. Living conditions in slums—home to more than a billion people worldwide—are often substandard and overcrowded, lacking adequate access to public services.
Simple preventive measures like social distancing and handwashing are luxuries here. In times of crisis, the economic impact is also far more devastating for slum dwellers, who often live from hand to mouth. The World Bank has decades of experience in urban upgrading projects, and we have learned valuable lessons along the way. Communities must be at the center. Community participation and ownership are critical.
Take for example the National Slum Upgrading Project in Indonesia, which is encouraging local participation in slum upgrading. Among other objectives, this initiative is pairing 6, professionals and community workers with local and central governments to help devise, implement, and monitor investments in slums.
So far, the efforts have benefited almost 4. During the current crisis, having channels to connect with fellow residents is essential to an effective response. Upgrading creates an upward spiral. Providing basic services in slums not only improves living conditions for slum dwellers, but also strengthens public health and stimulates the local economy.
For example, in Afghanistan , revitalizing drains, roads, and water and waste management systems in target neighborhoods led to an overall 6. Livelihoods and jobs are key to progress. Slum dwellers are often employed in the informal sector, earning irregular incomes that by their nature are vulnerable to shocks like COVID For example, slum upgrading projects in Indonesia and Pakistan are working to improve marketplaces and kiosks for street vendors.
Meanwhile, slum upgrading efforts in Djibouti and elsewhere are increasingly supporting local employment opportunities through labor-intensive works. Securing tenure through planning. Secure land tenure incentivizes households to improve their homes and neighborhoods. It helps protect slum dwellers against forced eviction, especially during uncertain times. In Kenya , the World Bank is helping strengthen the security of tenure in about 80 informal settlements by supporting settlement planning, surveys, registry index maps, and letters of allotment and titles.
Tenure regularization and on-site settlement upgrading were made possible by easing regulations to allow for non-standard plot sizes and road widths, preserving the original layout of the upgraded settlement. Public spaces transform neighborhoods.
|Trade and investment policy in nigeria how can slum||Fragmented calendrier economique forex francais development — cities in Africa are 20 percent more fragmented than Asian and Latin American ones — is limiting productivity and livability. Cover Story. Includes the barriers tariff and non-tariff that U. Now that we have the Sustainable Development Goals, which are aimed at revitalizing the setup, the government is waking up and realizing that there's lots to be done. As a result of a long period of neglect, the financing [need] becomes huge.|
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|Spacex falcon forex||Thank you for participating in this survey! Commercial Manager. Overall, urban households pay 20 — 31 percent more for goods and services in African countries than in other developing countries at similar income levels. Tweet Share Share LinkedIn. Full steam ahead to sustainable energy. Also in this issue. Gender Data Series.|
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Many slums are vulnerable to accidental fires. In September , for instance, more than people were killed when a leaking petrol pipeline exploded in Mukuru wa Njenga, a densely populated Nairobi slum. In Rabat, the ministers suggested that these challenges can be tackled through effective collaboration and support from international partners, including the UN.
There is some good news. In Nigeria, the slum population came down from 75 per cent of all urban residents in to In South Africa, the proportion dropped from By about , new housing units had been created in different parts of the country. These cities now boast streetlights, drainage systems, safe water, roads, sanitation and other infrastructure.
Fathallah Oualalou, former Moroccan minister of housing and currently mayor of Rabat, linked the successful urbanization efforts to effective implementation of the road map developed in in Bamako, Mali, at the third conference of African housing ministers — making the point that such meetings can in fact be useful. The roadmap emphasizes efficiency in land management, sustainable housing, urban transportation and sanitation, among other issues.
Moussa, the Algerian housing minister, lists other keys to success. These include the efficient and equitable management of land, the enactment of appropriate land laws so that women and other vulnerable groups can have access, and improvements in social conditions in housing projects. The provision of schools, clinics, electricity and sanitation is important, says Mr. Skip to main content. Get the free mobile apps Get the latest news from us on our apps.
Welcome to the United Nations. Toggle navigation Language:. Africa Renewal. Towards African cities without slums Get monthly e-newsletter. Sustainable development. Towards African cities without slums. Governments set course towards improving poor urban areas.
From Africa Renewal:. April Kaci Racelma. Most North African countries have made progress in reducing slum areas. Also in this issue. Africa Renewal at keeping up with a dynamic continent. By Kingsley Ighobor. Looking back after 25 years.
By Africa Renewal. Malian women create beauty — and profit. The national plan is just a starting point. It is an aggregation of what needs to be done and is the government saying, 'We are now ready to impact the sector, and we want every stakeholder involved. The central government is only providing a guideline. It's important that states and local governments develop their own action plans.
Is WASH getting the prioritization it needs amid other problems Nigeria currently faces — from a growing population and power outages to rapid urbanization and climate change? We all understand the primary business of WASH and that it is very central to development generally.
For example, WASH has an impact on the education of children, health, infrastructure, and so on. Yes, there are so many other challenges and needs of the country, but WASH is receiving the required attention, particularly at the national level and in some states. As WaterAid, we support a number of states. We see state governments now increasing their budgetary allocation from what was used to be. There's a much higher amount of WASH intervention in their states. At the moment, we have national momentum supporting the WASH sector.
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A boy runs across sandbags to avoid walking through the wastewater that flows freely through the slum area of Ajeromi-Ifelodun in Lagos, Nigeria. Get development's most important headlines in your inbox every day. Printing articles to share with others is a breach of our terms and conditions and copyright policy.
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