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Teste engleza juridica investments nisa investment advisors ldii

Teste engleza juridica investments

The existing system of by-laws across different regions had been replaced with one based firmly in national law. Holder 59 discusses the euphemistic meaning of the participle form challenged: differing from the norm in a taboo fashion. Complete the table with the information extracted from the text below: Bodies of law The term civil law contrasts with both common law and criminal law. Answer the following questions from a comparative or contrastive perspective: Which body of law is the basis of the legal system of your country.

American legal terms sometimes differ from their British counterparts even if the concepts behind the terms are the same. In this respect Mattila advocates that American terms are often more transparent clearer than British terms. American terms cannot be associated with strictly defined legislative solutions unlike British terms. The significance of this lies in using judicial decisions as a basis for crystallising rules of law that have to be followed in later cases.

The basic method of English lawyers lies not in interpreting laws but in the technique of distinctions — the art of distinguishing between the essential and secondary grounds of a judgment. Even the fundamental common law — equity division is unknown in the legal systems of continental countries.

Find out 5 contrast areas between the English system and those in other European countries as presented by the two texts. Read the following text and decide if the statements are true T or false F : In line with the English tradition,.

This is notably the case when it comes to knowing whether trial of a case requires the presence of a jury. The separation between substantive and procedural law also provides a basis for resolving conflict of laws problems between the various states of the Federation: if a procedural rule is involved,. The same applies at international level: American courts always apply the lex fori in procedural matters.

This is why they avoid generalisations in their reasoning and think it strange to create abstractions far from practical legal matters. The separation between public and private law is far less valued in the United States than in Europe.

Trial lawyers usually acknowledge the usefulness of stories: we say that a speech should tell a good story and we recognise the need to get a witness to tell a clear story in examination in-chief. Psychologists think that people use stories in many ways and they give us an insight into the psychology of decision-making. This 'story-framing' allows fact finders to place the evidence at trial into an existing story and test it for 'fit'.

Knowledge about stories can help us make decisions about witnesses' testimonies and the thrust of our speeches. Lawyers should ask their firm or chambers to provide in-house instruction so that their team can learn how to use legal storytelling to their advantage. In an ideal world your evidence fits together as a complete story and that story matches the fact finders' beliefs about how the world works,.

Take into consideration the target audience and tailor your presentation to their needs and interests. Do you think that the questioning strategies differ in the case of examination-inchief and cross-examination. Analyse the diagram above and extend your knowledge by completing the definitions of the following terms see also the glossary at the end of the coursebook : The founding Treaties and the instruments amending and supplementing them chiefly the Treaties of Maastricht,.

Other legal acts which the Union institutions can use to issue non-binding measures and statements or which regulate the internal. Murail - Ethers A membrane-embedded pathway delivers general anesthetics to. Murail-Tellur guit. Ca antreprenori vindem in primul rand credibilitate, apoi servicii si produse. Cum fabricam credibilitate? Prin creativitate…si…multa munca… Eu m-am apucat de scris, acum vreo cativa ani…Am deschis cateva bloguri, de promovare, dar mai ales de ajutor pentru orice cititor care ….

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State whether the following sentences are true or false and correct the false ones:. A person sentenced to three years will normally leave prison after two. Most prisoners sentenced to 12 months are eligible for parole when they have served four months of the stated period. At present, one prisoner out of four obtain parole.

Prisoners sentenced to five or more years for serious offences are granted parole very often. The High Court of Justice decides when a prisoner sentenced to life should be released. Fines are awarded in about six cases out of ten. The number of hours that can be imposed for community service vary between 40 and hours. Irrespective of the number of hours, the community service has to be completed within one year.

Match the half-sentences in column A with the half-sentences in column B to make complete and logical sentences. Almost all prisoners will be eligible…. Prisoners that are guilty of serious. The less severe forms of punishment. Community service involves …. One of the trivial offences we can mention…. For a trivial offence, …. If parole conditions are abused, …. Courts have the power to allow a.

If a person on parole is convicted for. If the offender fails. Choose the correct meaning of the following expressions selected from your text:. Match the following words and expressions with their Romanian translation:. Complete the following derivational pattern noun - verb - noun , paying attention to the first example.

Then translate the noun in the third column:. These two legal terms felony — misdemeanour were known to have imposed two different forms of trial in England and Wales until Any witness shall take an oath that the. Since the defendant did not have a criminal record, he got away with a small.

Many civilized countries have long abolished the death. A threat of attack to another person, followed by actual attack which need amount only to. The defendant was able to prove his innocence at the trial and was. The judge recommended more humane forms of punishment for juvenile. The police have to. There must be something wrong. The leader of the gang. He was placed under investigation only after they.

His sentence was by far more severe than everybody. As soon as the jury. Everybody wondered why he. She told me that she. As soon as the search warrant. The suspect. UNIT 3. The reprezentatives of the member states did not by common accord agree on the seat of the Court until , when they were empowered to do so by Article EEC. As a result, they took the decision that the Court of Justice should remain in Luxembourg. This rooting of the Court in Luxembourg is one factor in helping to give the Court a strong esprit de corps.

The Court of Justice consists of fifteen judges and nine advocates-general, who are appointed by common accord of the governments of the member states for a renewable term of six years. To be appointed to one of these offices a person has to either possess the qualifications required for appointment to the highest judicial offices in his or her respective countries or be jurisconsults of recognized competence.

Although in strict law the judges and advocates-general could be of any nationality, in practice each member state will nominate one of its own nationals as a judge, and the five largest states — France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom — will each nominate an advocate-general. The remaining advocates-general are appointed by the smaller member states in accordance with a system of rotation.

Belgium had an advocate-general from to , Denmark from to , Greece from to and Ireland from to A disadvantage of the rotation system is that no matter how outstanding the person is, it is impossible for him or her to be reappointed at the end of six years. An odd number of judges is maintained in order to allow the full court to sit and to reach a majority decision. All decisions of the Court are signed by all the judges whether they were in the minority or the majority, so it is impossible to know whether the decision was reached by a bare majority or by unanimity.

The Council has the power, acting unanimously on a request from the Court, to increase the number of judges and advocates-general. In the past the size of the Court was expanded upon the accession of new member states, but not on other occasions, to help it cope with extra business. The Court initially started with seven judges, expanded to nine in accession of Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom , to eleven in accession of Greece , to thirteen in accession of Spain and Portugal and to fifteen in accession of Austria, Finland and Sweden.

The Court has coped with the increase in its workload in part by increasing the number of cases that it handles in a chamber rather than by a plenary session. The EEC Treaty always allowed the Court to form chambers consisting of three or five judges, but originally insisted that cases brought before the Court by a member state or by a community institution must be heard in plenary session.

The Court now has four chambers of three judges and two chambers of seven judges. Each chamber has a president, who is elected annually, and it seems that by convention the presidencies of the chambers rotate around all the judges apart from the President of the Court. Adapted from EC Law. Fill in the gaps with the missing words from the text:. Luxembourg is the seat of the actual.

The members of the European Court of Justice are appointed by the. Five advocates-general are appointed by appointed by. The disadvantage of reappointed at the end of six years. How do we know whether a decision of the Court of Justice was reached by a or by unanimity? The Council has the power to increase the number of.

The right of the Court to form chambers was granted by the. The actual Court consists of. The president of a chamber is elected. Ask questions for the following answers; the first two have been done for you as examples:. Answer: In Question: When did the reprezentatives of the member states agree on the seat of the Court? Answer: Fifteen judges and nine advocates-general. Question: How many judges and advocates-general does the Court of Justice consist of? Answer: Six years.

Answer: From to Answer: Denmark Question:. Answer: I n order to allow the full court to sit and to reach a majority decision. Answer: All the judges. Answer: Upon the accession of new member states. Answer: Seven. Answer: Austria, Finland and Sweden. Answer: Six chambers of judges. Translate the following sentences into Romanian, paying attention to the words underlined:. Find the synonymous terms right column for the expressions extracted from the text above left column :.

Read the following expressions and their equivalent Romanian translations and then use them to complete the gapped sentences:. The Minister of Justice is going to. The debtor was. The judges and advocates-general are member states. The manager of the company has. James was. The Court is now.

I do not think that his qualifications recommend him to. This case is far too important to be. Who has the authority to. The Court. She will soon. Detectives are said to be. The victim. Ted Bundy was a hardened criminal who showed no. His sentence has been commuted to six months on the. He was convicted to 10 years of prison and. All his friends thought he was guilty, but no one could.

As the result of a police. By the time you reach the Court, he. While the people. Right now I think I am. Come and pick me up! One of the kidnappers. How long ago. I saw you yesterday, while you. The witnesses were still being heard when I. This time tomorrow they. By the end of this year he. We knew that the defendant. They said that the new constitution. By this time next year, he. The criminal. UNIT 4. Article A Member State which considers that another Member State has failed to fulfil an obligation.

Before a Member State brings an action against another Member State for an alleged. If the Commission has not delivered an opinion within three months of the date on which the. If the Court of Justice finds that a Member State has failed to fulfil an obligation under this Treaty, the State shall be required to take the necessary measures to comply with the judgement of the Court of Justice.

If the Commission considers that the Member State concerned has not taken such measures it shall, after giving that State the opportunity to submit its observations, issues a reasoned opinion specifying the points on which the Member State concerned has not complied with the judgement of the Court of Justice. In so doing it shall specify the amount of the lump sum or penalty payment to be paid by the Member State concerned which it considers appropriate in the circumstances.

If the Court of Justice finds that the Member State concerned has not complied with its judgement it may impose a lump sum or penalty payment on it. This procedure shall be without prejudice to Article Match the new expressions from the text above in column A with their Romanian equivalents in column B:.

Complete the following sentences with logical and correct phrases; the first one has been done for you:. If he refuses to fulfil his obligation, he ……………………………… If he refuses to fulfil his obligation, he will have to be fired immediately. I think that you …………………………………. If my neighbour ……………………………………………, I shall bring an action against him. The infringement of copy- right ………………………………………….

After heari ng his reasoned opinion, we…………………………………………………. All I need is to be given the opportunity to ……………………………………………. What ……………………………………………. The new legislation prevented him form ………………………………………………. You have to ……………………………………… in our contract.

According to article , laid down by the ……………………………………………. Which is the heaviest penalty that ……………………………………………………. Make sure that you respect the law, without any prejudice to ………………………. Form collocations regular combinations of words by filling in the following. Choose from the collocations in exercise III. The woman sitting in the witness. He was caught. Wilkinson is alleged to have. The man jumped out of the window and committed. The police said there was no sign of a.

He was placed. Is the defendant going to. Johnson was. As it was her first offence, the judge gave her a. The new harassment law comes into. He was charged. Choose the correct version, paying attention to the use of Modal Verbs:. The window is broken; the intruder. He was innocent!

He was immobilized in bed at that time! The legislation says that the judges. A judge. This procedure. You ……………… submitted the case to a higher court! The ve rdict was in your favour! Any Member State. The main functions of Modal Verbs have been indicated in the box below.

Identify each function illustrated in the following sentences:. The Court of Justice shall have jurisdiction in any dispute between Member States. The parties to the proceedings may appeal to the Court of justice. I need to find a very good lawyer to get me out of prison. The Home Secretary must have advised the Queen on that important matter. He should have asked for legal aid when he needed it. Can you tell me wha t papers I have to fill in?

You should bring him to trial before he commits more criminal acts. Shall I assist you in this matter? We should all vote for or against this new provision. May I be excused now? He might have tried to bribe the judge, but I doubt it. Both parties have to respect the binding agreements of this contract. The young lawyer was able to come up with a new idea to rest his case. UNIT 5. Read the following texts and choose the corresponding headline for each of them:.

He admitted 43 theft charges. Swansea Crown Court was told that Price told detectives he believed he needed one more week of gambling on horses to get the money back. A policeman who used his warrant card to lure women into his car so he could sexually assault them was warned yesterday that he faced prison. Amir Butt, 24, of Watford, offered a lift home to women who had been drinking and become separated from their friends.

He was found guilty on two charges of sexual assault at Luton Crown Court and will be sentenced at a later date. Note: Pc — abbr of police constable policeman. A former soldier became a rapist after service in the Gulf war changed his personality, a court was told yesterday.

He was sentenced to five years for a second case of rape. He dumped her body miles away before making tearful television appeals for her to get in touch. The Daily Telegraph, Wednesday, November 9, Say whether the following statements are true T or false F ; when the.

Example: Lee Walker was sentenced to 12 years for two cases of rape. Paul Dyson was given a life sentence for a double. Amir Butt was a year-old policeman who sexually assaulted women in his. Lee Walker was a former soldier fighting in the Gulf. Paul Dyson committed suicide in prison, after he was.

When brought before justice, Graham Price rejected all theft. Amir Butt offered a lift home to women who left their office too late to catch the bus. Graham Price had no connection whatsoever with the Halifax. Amir Butt used his warrant card to lure women into his. Judge Tom Cracknell congratulated Dyson on his well thought-out plan of murdering. Who was Graham Price and what was he charged with? What jail sentence did Graham Price receive?

What did Graham Price need the stolen money for? How old was Amir Butt and what did he do? What was Amir Butt found guilty of? How did Lee Walker plead when he stood trial? What sentence did Lee Walker receive? How did Paul Dyson die? Read the chart below to see how the active to passive transformation works for the main verbal tenses:.

Present Tense. Past Tense. Perfect Conditional. Long Infinitive. Perfect Infinitive. Put the verbs in brackets into the passive voice of the tense indicated:. Example: A value added tax VAT rate of 25 per cent. Simple to wine in Belgium. A value added tax VAT rate of 25 per cent was applied to wine in Belgium.

This case …………………. The notion of protection ………………… illustrate — Future Tense Simple in the next paragraph. A charge that ……………. The matter ……………. The repayment to an exporter of a sum exceeding the internal duty ……………… prohibit — Present Tense Simple by Article Taxing exports at a lower rate than domestic products ………………. The terms of the contract …. The ma in witnesses in the murder case ……… still ……………………. Tense Continous by the judge when the politician made a press release.

The two diplomats …. American Embassy. Six bomb attacks seem …………………… report — Perfect Infinitive in London for the last 10 hours. A new warning ……………………. More funds ……………………. Change the following sentences from Active Voice into Passive Voice; the. This Article entitles the holder of intellectual property rights to financial compensations. The holder of intellectual property rights is entitled to financial compensations by this Article.

They all considered that the Court of First Instance had used Article 86 improperly. They all considered that Article 86 ……………………………… by …………………. The Court will take measures to reconcile the incompatibility of national property. Measures …………………. Smith Drug Pharmaceuticals had patented a drug called Negram under British law.

A drug called Negram. The Commission rejected this Article on the grounds of unjustified discrimination. This Article ……………. The members of the Jury were still deliberating upon the matter of reasonable doubt. The matter of reasonable doubt …… still ………………………. The client has just dropped all charges against the advertising agency that did not.

All charges. Any lawyer grants the benefit of the doubt even to a hardened criminal. The benefit of the doubt …………………………………………………………………… Even a hardened criminal …………………………………………………………………. The Court dismissed your appeal due to lack of further evidence. Your appeal ………………………………………………………………………………. The members of the family will definitely contest this will. This will ………………………………………… by …………………………………. That controversial file ……………………………… if at least one eye witness ……… ……………………………….

Choose the correct version by paying attention to the use of Passive Voice:. Many houses in this area …………… into by burglars. A photofit picture of the wanted man. After the verdict. He offence. Choose the correct passive form of the following active sentence: The Commission has just appointed the new President of the European Court of Justice. The new President has just been appointed by the European Court of Justice. Choose the correct passive form of the following active sentence: The members of the European Parliament were still debating the issue of competition law at that point.

The issue of competition law was still debated at that point by the members of the European Parliament. The issue of competition law was still debating at that point the members of the European Parliament. The issue of competition law was still being debated at that point by the members of the European Parliament. Choose the correct English translation for the following Romanian passive sentence:.

Choose the correct equivalent sentence for the following: People say that Mr. Johnson had business difficulties in the past. Johnson in the past. Johnson is said to having had business difficulties in the past. Johnson is said to have had business difficulties in the past. Johnson has had business difficulties in the past. UNIT 6. Iraqi jailed over British aid worker killing. An Iraqi man has been sentenced to life in prison in connection with the murder of Margaret Hassan, the British aid worker abducted and killed in Iraq in Mustafa Salman was charged with aiding and abetting the kidnappers.

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You can request verification for native languages by completing a simple application that takes only a couple of minutes. Review native language verification applications submitted by your peers. Reviewing applications can be fun and only takes a few minutes. Romanian to English translators: directory of translators and interpreters. Freelance translators and interpreters.

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Or create a new account. You have native languages that can be verified You can request verification for native languages by completing a simple application that takes only a couple of minutes. View applications. Close and don't show again Close. He doesn't smoke now, but he Mark plays football He said that his friends I didn't, too.

Neither was I. Nor I did. I don't read I've read I've been reading I read. If I hadn't replied to your email, I You may not like the cold weather here, but you'll have to Paul will look Hello, this is Simon. Could I They're coming to our house I think it's very easy to Come on! Let's get I phoned her I heard the news. I feel very I'm going to go to bed! Trimite test. Cursuri de limba engleza pentru incepatori A1, A2 , nivel mediu B1, B2 si nivel avansat C1, C2 Cursuri limbaj general si cursuri pe domenii specializate: economic, tehnic, juridic, medical, financiar-bancar, etc.

Grupate pe categorii de varsta:. Lingua TranScript ofera cursuri de limba engleza atat din domeniul general, cat si cursuri pe domenii specializate, precum: engleza pentru afaceri, engleza medicala, engleza juridica, engleza tehnica, pe urmatoarele niveluri potrivit Cadrului Comun European de referinta:.

Poti alege de asemenea cursuri de engleza intensive de vara, cu program de o ora si jumatate, de ori pe saptamana Folosim manuale speciale, iar ca materiale auxiliare utilizam materiale autentice: filme, reviste pentru adolescenti publicate in Marea Britanie si Statele Unite.

Cursuri de limba engleza pentru incepatori.